Learn More About Your Injuries from Our Savannah Personal Injury Lawyer
The following are medical illustrations of injuries, conditions, and various areas of the body that may occur or be affected due to someone’s negligence. Medical understanding is important for pursuing legal matters that arise from injuries and illnesses, which is why the Brooks Law Office works to apply their broad knowledge to every case our personal injury attorney in Savannah takes on.
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Conditions & Injuries
- Asthma / Asthmatic Bronchiole: Medical illustration showing the difference between a normal, healthy bronchiole and an asthmatic bronchiole. While the healthy bronchiole allows free breathing, the asthmatic bronchiole is constricted, which often leads to wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath.
- Mechanism of Cervical Muscle Injury: When the head or neck is strained, commonly caused by a whiplash injury, it can cause a cervical muscle injury. The muscles may suffer either hyperextension or hyperflexion, both of which can stretch the muscle beyond its capacity. This may cause the cervical muscles to swell and spasm, which can result in the development of scar tissue.
- Mechanism of Cervical Ligamentous Sprain: The illustration depicts how cervical ligaments may become sprained or strained after the head whips forward, (hyperflexion), or backward (hyperextension). The ligaments of the spine may be injured, causing damage to the nerve root canal in the spine or to various other ligaments along the spine.
- Mechanism of Vertebral Disc Injury: Whiplash injuries, also called hyperextension or hyperflexion, can also harm the vertebral discs. When the head is jerked forward or backward quickly, causing whiplash, it can cause the discs of the vertebra to bulge or herniate. When a disc bulges outward, it can injure the anterior longitudinal ligament and the vertebral end plate. A posterior disk herniation, where the disk bulges towards the spinal column, can also harm the vertebral end plates, as well as the posterior longitudinal ligament.
- Right Shoulder Acromioplasty: Acromioplasty and distal clavicle resection procedures are used to treat impingement of the shoulder, a condition where the joint painfully rubs or pinches. An incision is made near the clavicle, and the coracoacromial ligament is removed. Next, the end of the clavicle is excised to allow pain-free movement.
- Herniated Disc: The illustration shows a common problem created by an injury to the disks that cushion the individual vertebrae in the spine. A herniated disk, also called a slipped disk or ruptured disk, occurs when the inside of the disk leads out through a tear in the exterior.
- Knee Surgery: The cartilage between the bones of the knee, the meniscus, helps cushion the joint and maintain stability. The medical illustration shows a surgical method removing the torn cartilage of the meniscus, which should allow the knee to heal on its own.
- Bronchitis & Pneumonia: Commonly confused and often incorrectly used interchangeably, bronchitis and pneumonia are quite different for a number of reasons. This medical illustration highlights the significant differences in how the lungs are affected between these two ailments--including inflammation, effected areas, and more.
- Respiratory System: A diagram of the human respiratory system shows all key organs, including the lungs, trachea, larynx, sinuses, and more. This system is responsible for taking oxygen into the body and expelling carbon dioxide.
- Cervical Spine: The cervical spine is the upper portion of the spinal column that constitutes the neck. These vertebrae are delicate and are responsible for housing the nerves and portion of the spinal cord that sends messages from the brain to every other part of the body. The cervical spine is also responsible for supporting the head, facilitating its movement, and maintaining blood flow to the brain.
- Brachial Plexus: This image depicts the brachial plexus, which is the group of nerves that stem from the spinal cord down the shoulder and arm. These nerves are responsible for all movement, control, and feeling in the arm, shoulders, hands, and fingers. Injuries to these nerves can cause permanent disability or loss of function in the arm.
- Cervical Spine Incision: If a person suffers herniated or degenerative discs, a surgeon may make an incision at the front of the neck to perform the surgery. The medical image depicts the orientation of the trachea, esophagus, and cervical spine prior to surgery. The herniated discs will cause a retracted trachea and retracted esophagus but may be solved by the removal of the injured discs. After the discs are removed, the surgeon will insert a graft to fuse together the bones around the disc, relieving pain and nerve issues.
- Cervical Fusion: These images depict a cervical fusion performed as a remedy for herniated discs. A surgical incision was made at the front of the throat, followed by the discectomies of two discs. The plates were then drilled and bone grafts were placed where the discs previously sat. The plates and screws were used to fuse the cervical vertebrae and relieve pressure on the spinal column.
- Anterior Shoulder: This medical image shows the anatomy of the shoulder, including both an anterior and side view. The shoulder is composed mainly of the scapula, also called the shoulder blade, and the humerus, the upper arm bone. Other bones of the shoulder include the clavicle, acromion, and coracoid. The image also indicates the rotator cuff, along with key ligaments and tendons.
- Torn Rotator Cuff Surgery: This medical image depicts a shoulder surgery where an acromioplasty was performed by releasing the frayed coracoacromial ligament. Next, the surgeon removed a portion of the damaged tuberosity bone through debridement, where the damaged tissue is cleared so that new tissue may grow. Lastly, the torn rotator cuff was repaired with the placement of an anchor and sutures.
- Hemiarthroplasty of Right Shoulder: When the humeral head of the arm bone is severely damaged it may be replaced through a hemiarthroplasty surgery. The illustration shows the incision of the muscles and tendons to expose the humeral head. Next, the surgeon excised the humeral head and reamed the humeral shaft to create a space for the prosthesis to rest. The shoulder prosthesis was then placed into the humeral shaft to replace the humeral head.
- Knee Synovectomy: This medical diagram depicts the inflammation of the synovial membrane around the knee joint. Such inflammation can be very painful occurs around various joints throughout the body. The diagram here demonstrates a partial synovectomy, where the surgeon excises of the torn tissue from the tibial plateau at the knee joint.
- Right Knee Replacement Surgery: A severely injured knee may sometimes require a total replacement surgery, as pictured here. In this instance, traumatic arthritis damaged the knee joint beyond repair. To perform the replacement surgery, an incision was first made down the front of the knee. Next, the surgeon performed the excision of the distal femur followed by an osteotomy to the tibia and patella to remove a portion of each bone. The femoral component was then placed into the knee joint, followed by the patellar component, and the trimming of excess cement around the joint.
- Hip Surgery: This medical image illustrates a surgical procedure to repair a damaged hip joint. The ring of cartilage outside the socket of the hip was torn, and the acetabulum was impinging into the joint, which means the junction of the joint was abnormally shaped, causing a painful pinching. The illustration shows the removal of the torn tissue around the joint, as well as the partial detachment of the labrum from the acetabulum. After the joint was detached, the surgeon excised the acetabular overgrowth on the joint and shaved the femoral head. After placing the hip back into joint, the labrum was repaired with sutures.
- Hip Replacement Surgery: Due to traumatic arthritis of the hip joint, the patient depicted in this picture received a total replacement of the right hip. To replace the joint, the surgeon began by transecting the femoral neck and reaming the acetabulum to make room for the new implants. The acetabular cup and liner were placed on the hip joint, and then the femur was reamed for the placement of the femoral implant. Lastly, the implant was connected by placing the femoral implant into the new cup and liner.